Bleak House and your Last Will and Testament

I was recently reminded of the Charles Dickens novel Bleak House, which centres around the court case Jarndyce and Jarndyce. For those of you unfamiliar with the story; it tells of a legal battle over a large inheritance which is dragged on through the court system. In fact, it continues for generations until the case is finally closed.

as well as he could make out, it was over. Over for the day? we asked him. No, he said, over for good. Over for good! When we heard this unaccountable answer, we looked at one another quite lost in amazement. Could it be possible that the will had set things right at last and that Richard and Ada were going to be rich? It seemed too good to be true. Alas it was! ……”Mr. Kenge,” said Allan, appearing enlightened all in a moment. “Excuse me, our time presses. Do I understand that the whole estate is found to have been absorbed in costs?” “Hem! I believe so,”

The lawyers continued to fight the battle over the inheritance until the whole estate was absorbed in legal fees, at which time, the lawyers all stopped working on the case !! Jarndyce

The novel was written in 1853, in a very different World to the one we live in, but just yesterday I saw that, generations on, the legal profession still works in the same way. The bankruptcy of Nortel has so far racked up $755M in legal fees while the parties argue on how to divide $9B in assets, and after nearly a billion dollars in legal expenses, the proceedings are no closer to a resolution. The lawyers have no vested interest in drawing the case to a close as they can continue to bill $1000 an hour in fees.

So what does this mean for your estate? and how can you minimize your assets ending up in the hands of litigating lawyers?

  • Write your Will, make it clear and unambiguous.
  • Do not use a blank do-it-yourself form from a bookstore
  • Sign it according to the signing requirements in your jurisdiction (usually two witnesses must sign, who have no vested interest in the contents of the Will).
  • Write your Will while you are young enough to have the capacity to understand it.
  • Update your Will as soon as your personal or financial circumstances change.
  • Never make an update to a Will by writing on the document or putting lines through sections. Always prepare a new Will when you want to make a change.
  • If you have very complicated affairs, consider getting legal advice when preparing a Will.

It is a myth that preparing your own Will means that your estate is more likely to face a legal challenge. If you use an interactive online service like the ones offered at, and you can create a Will as complete and legal as a Will prepared by a lawyer or solicitor. In fact, if you look at the legal fights over Wills, they are frequently prepared by lawyers and we’ve discussed many in this blog, for example Huguette M. Clark, and Anna Nicole Smith. Often though, problems arise from Wills not being updated properly because circumstances change, and a return to a lawyer’s office is too expensive or inconvenient. This is why many people are turning to online services like those offered by LegalWills because it allows them to prepare the document conveniently, but more importantly, these services allow the users to update their document at any time, as often as they wish. In many ways, the services reduce the likelihood of a legal challenge, and the loss of the entire estate to legal fees.

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